Johan Rockström, Stockholm Resilience Center, Sweden
As well as being Chair of the Earth League, Johan Rockström is the Executive Director of Stockholm Resilience Centre, and Professor in Environmental Science with emphasis on water resources and global sustainability at Stockholm University. He is an internationally recognised scientist on global sustainability issues, where for example, he led the recent development of the new planetary boundaries framework for human development in the current era of rapid global change. He is a leading scientist on global water resources and strategies to build resilience in water scarce regions of the world, with more than 15 years experience from applied water research in tropical regions, and more than 100 research publications in fields ranging from applied land and water management to global sustainability. He serves on several scientific committees and boards, including serving as the Vice-chair of the Science Advisory Board of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact research (PIK) and he chairs the visioning process on global environmental change of the International Council for Science (ICSU). Rockström was awarded the title "Swede of the Year" in 2009 for his work on bridging science on climate change to policy and society. He was ranked the most influential person on environmental issues in Sweden 2011.
Guy P. Brasseur, Max Planck Institute for Meteorology
Guy P. Brasseur is a senior scientist at the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology and the recently former Director of the Climate Service Centre Germany established by the Federal Government of Germany in Hamburg. Brasseur's primary scientific interests include global change, chemistry-climate relations, biosphere-atmosphere interactions, climate change, stratospheric ozone depletion, global air pollution, and solar-terrestrial relations. He has authored or co-authored approximately 185 publications in the body of peer-reviewed literature, and has contributed to the publication of several books. Between 1990 and 2000, Brasseur was the Director of the Atmospheric Chemistry Division at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, CO, USA. Between 2000 and 2005, he was the Director at the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology in Hamburg, Germany, where he also served as the Scientific Director of the German Climate Computer Center (DKRZ). Between 2006 and 2009, he was the Associate Director of NCAR and the Head of its Earth and Sun Systems Laboratory. He is also a former Chair of the International Geosphere-Biosphere program (IGBP). Currently, he is an ordinary member of the Academy of Sciences of Hamburg, an Associate Member of the Royal Academy of Belgium, a foreign member of the Academy of Norway and a member of the Academia Europea. He holds a Doctor Honoris Causa degree from the Universities of Paris, Oslo and Athens. Brasseur was also a Coordinating Lead Author of the 4th IPCC-Report, that was awarded the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize.
Ottmar Edenhofer, Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change, Germany
Ottmar Edenhofer is Director of the newly founded Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change (MCC) in Berlin, as well as Deputy Director and Chief Economist at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK). Furthermore, he is Professor of the Economics of Climate Change at the Technical University Berlin, Co-chair of Working Group III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and Advisor to the World Bank concerning issues of economic growth and climate protection. At PIK he is leading Research Domain III - Sustainable Solutions, which focuses on research in the field of the Economics of Atmospheric Stabilisation. He is a member of the Science-Industry Cooperation and a member of the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina’s Workgroup Climate, Energy and Environment. He has published articles in Science, Nature, Energy Journal, Climatic Change, Energy Economics, Energy Policy and other peer-reviewed journals and authored a number of books. He was a Lead Author for the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC from 2004 until 2007 and recently co-edited the IPCC Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation (SRREN). Ottmar Edenhofer’s research explores the impact of induced technological change on mitigation costs and mitigation strategies, as well as the design of instruments for climate and energy policy and the science-policy interface.
Sir Brian Hoskins, Grantham Institute for Climate Change at Imperial College London, UK
Sir Brian Hoskins is Chair and both former and first Director, of the Grantham Institute - Climate Change and the Environment at Imperial College London. He now shares his time between Imperial and Reading University, where he is Professor of Meteorology. His BA and PhD were in mathematics from the University of Cambridge and he spent post-doc years in the USA before moving to Reading, where he became a Professor in his thirties and was head of the Department of Meteorology for six years. For the 10 years up to September 2010, he held a Royal Society Research Professorship. His research is in weather and climate; in particular the understanding of atmospheric motion from frontal to planetary scales. His international roles have included serving as Vice-chair of the Joint Scientific Committee for the World Climate Research Programme, President of the International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences and Review Editor for the 2007 IPCC international climate change assessment. Sir Hoskins has also had numerous UK based roles, including playing a major part in the 2000 report by the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution that first proposed a 60% target for UK carbon dioxide emission reduction by 2050, and is currently a member of the Committee on Climate Change (UK). He is a member of various science academies in the UK, USA, China and across Europe and has received a number of awards including the top prizes of the UK and USA meteorological societies and honorary DScs from the universities of Bristol and East Anglia. He was knighted in 2007 for his services to the environment.
Pavel Kabat, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Austria
Professor Kabat is Director General and Chief Executive Officer of the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), an independent, global international science and science to policy institute with 22 member countries, more than 400 international staff, and a global research network of ~2,500 scholars and almost 300 partner institutions. He is also Full Professor of Earth System Science at Wageningen University in the Netherlands, Founding Chair and Director of the Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences and Arts Institute for Integrated Research on the Wadden Sea Region (Wadden Academy), a Member of the Leadership Council for the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network, and Co-Founder of the High Level Alpbach – Laxenburg Group, in which global leaders from academia, governments, businesses and civil society come together to support and advocate for sustainable transitions and sustainable development. Trained as a mathematician and hydrologist, Professor Kabat’s almost 30 year research career has covered earth system science and global change, with a specific focus on land-atmosphere interactions, climate hydrology, water cycle and water resources. He is an author and coauthor of over 300 refereed publications, including 9 books, member of 3 international editorial boards, and (co)editor of numerous special issues of peer reviewed international journals. He has also contributed as lead author and review editor to the assessment reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which was a co-recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007. Other academic and societal awards and distinctions received by Professor Kabat include the Zayed International Prize for the Environment (which was awarded to all the experts who worked on the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment in 2005), and several honorary degrees, professorships, memberships and distinguished fellowships internationally. In 2013, Professor Kabat was honored by Her Majesty Queen Beatrix Knight with the Order of the Netherlands Lion, a national order of chivalry founded in 1815 by King William I, which recognizes excellence in the arts, science, sport, and literature.
Mario J. Molina, Centro Mario Molina, Mexico
Mario Molina is the President of the Mario Molina Center for Strategic Studies on Energy and Environment, located in Mexico City. Established in 2004, the center is a non-profit independent organisation, which works to find practical, realistic and in depth solutions to problems related to the protection of the environment, the use of energy and the prevention of climate change, in order to foster sustainable development. Molina is also a Professor at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD). Prior to joining UCSD he was an Institute Professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and he held teaching and research positions at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, the University of California, Irvine and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology. He was a co-author of the original article predicting the threat to the ozone layer from chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) gases, published in the British magazine Nature in 1974. More recently, Professor Molina has been involved with work on the chemistry of air pollution of the lower atmosphere, and with science-policy issues related to the climate change problem. Professor Molina serves on the President's Council of Advisors in Science and Technology (USA) and on several other advisory boards and panels. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Medicine (both USA based), the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, and of the Mexican Academy of Sciences. He has received more than thirty honorary degrees, as well as numerous awards for his scientific work including the Tyler Ecology and Energy Prize in 1983, the United Nations Environmental Programme Sasakawa Award in 1999, and the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Jennifer Morgan, World Resources Institute, USA
Jennifer Morgen is co-International Executive Director of Greenpeace International, based in Holland, and is the former Director of the Climate and Energy Program at the World Resources Institute (WRI) in Washington, D.C. Under WRI, she oversaw the Institute’s work on climate change issues and helped guide the WRI’s strategies in helping countries, governments and individuals take positive action towards achieving a zero-carbon future, as well as being WRI’s lead representative at international climate meetings, including the UNFCCC negotiations. Prior to joining the WRI in 2009, Morgan worked at E3G as Global Climate Change Director, led the Global Climate Change Program of Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF), worked for the US Climate Action Network; the European Business Council for a Sustainable Energy Future; and for the German Federal Ministry of Environment, supporting the head of the German delegation to the United Nations climate change negotiations. She is a Review Editor for Chapter 13 on “International Cooperation: Agreements and Instruments” for the Fifth Assessment Report of the IPCC. She is also a member of Siemens Sustainability Advisory Board, a member of the Scientific Advisory Board for the Potsdam Institute and a member of the Danish Institute CONCITO’s international advisory board. At Germanwatch’s 20th anniversary celebration, Jennifer was named an honorary member of the organisation for her long-term commitment to international climate issues and the empowerment of civil society.
Nebojsa Nakicenovic, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Austria
Nebojsa Nakicenovic is Deputy Director and Deputy CEO of the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA). Among other positions, Professor Nakicenovic is the Director of the Global Energy Assessment (GEA), a member of the Advisory Council of the German Government on Global Change (WBGU); a member of the United Nations Secretary-General’s High-Level Technical Group on Sustainable Development for All; board member of the Austrian Center for Climate Change, member of the International Council for Science (ICSU) Committee on Scientific Planning and Review, Steering Committee member of the Global Carbon Project; member of the panel on Socioeconomic Scenarios for Climate Change Impact and Response Assessments; Lead Author of the 5th IPCC Report; Steering Committee member of the Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21); and member of the international Advisory Board of the Helmholtz Programme on Technology, and member of OMV (Austrian oil company) Advisory Group on Sustainability. Among other positions, he served as a member of the United Nations Secretary-General’s Advisory Group on Energy and Climate Change, collaborated in IPCC Reports 2, 3 and 4 and the IPCC Special Report on Emissions Scenarios, and was Director, of the Global Energy Perspectives at the World Energy Council. Among Professor Nakicenovic's research interests are the long-term patterns of technological change, economic development and response to climate change and, in particular, the evolution of energy, mobility, and information and communication technologies.
Carlos Nobre, National Institute for Space Research (INPE), Brazil
Carlos Nobre is Chair of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) Scientific Committee, Director of the Center for Earth System Science, and senior scientist at the National Institute for Space Research (INPE) of Brazil, Executive Secretary of the Brazilian Research Network on Global Climate Change (Rede CLIMA), and Scientific Director of the National Institute for Climate Change Research. From 1991 to 2003, Dr. Nobre was Director of the Brazilian Center for Weather Forecasting and Climate Studies (CPTEC-INPE) and, from 1996 to 2006, programme scientist for the Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA). Dr. Nobre is a member of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences and of The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS), and Professor of Earth System Science at INPE’s doctoral programme. His research interests include tropical meteorology, climate modeling, global environmental change, and biosphere-atmosphere interactions in Amazonia. He received a PhD in Meteorology from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
Veerabhadran Ramanathan, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, USA
Veerabhadran Ramanathan is Distinguished Professor at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California in San Diego, and UNESCO Professor of Climate and Policy at TERI University, Delhi, India. In 1975 he discovered the strong greenhouse effect of chlorofluorocarbon (CFCs) and along with R. Madden, predicted in 1980 that global warming would be detected by 2000. He was among a team of four, which developed the first version of the community climate model in the 1980s (USA). In 1989, he led a NASA study that used satellite radiation budget instruments to conclude that clouds had a large global cooling effect. He led an international field experiment in the 1990s, with Paul Crutzen, that discovered the widespread Atmospheric Brown Clouds (ABCs) over South Asia, which have devastating health and climate impacts. His recent finding is that mitigation of short-lived climate pollutants (black carbon, methane, ozone and HFCs) will slow down global warming significantly during this century. This proposal has now been adopted by the United Nations Environmental Programme, and 12 countries, including the USA. He now leads Project Surya, which is mitigating black carbon and other climate warming emissions from solid biomass cooking in South Asia and Kenya and is documenting their effects on public health and the environment. He is on the advisory board of the Stockholm Environment Institute, the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies in Potsdam, Germany and the Energy and Resources Institute, Delhi, India. His was awarded with several prizes and been elected to the American National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, the Pontifical Academy of Sciences by Pope John Paul II and the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Hans Joachim Schellnhuber, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Germany
Hans Joachim Schellnhuber founded the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) in 1991 and has been its director ever since. He holds a chair in theoretical physics at Potsdam University and is an external professor at the Santa Fe Institute (USA). Between 2001 and 2005 he also served as Research Director of the Tyndall Centre in the UK and became a visiting professor at Oxford University thereafter. Schellnhuber is currently Chair of the German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU), Governing Board Chair of the Climate-KIC of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) and Chair of the standing committee on Climate, Energy and Environment of the German National Academy of Sciences (Leopoldina). He is an elected member of Leopoldina, Academia Europaea, the American National Academy of Sciences (NAS), the Max Planck Society and several other academies. He received the Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award, the German Environment Prize and the Volvo Environment Prize, was awarded a CBE (Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire) by Queen Elizabeth II, the Order of Merit of Brandenburg, and the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany. He holds honorary doctorates from the University of Copenhagen, and the Technical University Berlin. Schellnhuber has been a long-standing member of the IPCC. He served as chief government advisor on climate and related issues during the German G8/EU twin presidency in 2007, and as a principal advisor to the European Commission President Barroso for several years. He is a member of numerous national and international panels addressing scientific strategies and sustainability issues.
Peter Schlosser, Earth Institute, Columbia University, USA
Peter Schlosser is Vinton Professor of Earth and Environmental Engineering and Professor of Earth and Environmental Sciences at Columbia University, New York. He is Deputy Director and Director of Research of the Earth Institute, Columbia University, and serves as Chair of the Earth Institute faculty. He received MS and PhD degrees in physics from the University of Heidelberg. Schlosser's research focuses on water systems, primarily in oceans and groundwater including problems caused by human impact. His ocean research concerns water circulation in the ocean surface, movement into the deep ocean, and circulation patterns within the deep ocean. His groundwater flow studies address shallow and deep aquifers, especially as they relate to past continental climate and environmental risk/impact studies. Current research is also directed toward exploration of mixing and gas exchange in ocean, rivers and estuaries. Schlosser is past Chair of the Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH), Co-chair of the Science Steering Group for International Study of Arctic Change (ISAC), and member of the board of the International Sustainable Research Society (ISDRS). He has served on numerous national and international science steering and advisory committees and was President of the Ocean Sciences Section and Council member of the American Geophysical Union. He is a fellow of the American Geophysical Union, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Explorers Club.
Youba Sokona, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, Ethiopia
Youba Sokona is Special Advisor on Sustainable Development at the South Centre. Based in Geneva, the South Centre is an intergovernmental organisation compromised of developing countries, which looks to promote their common interests in the international arena. He is former Coordinator of the African Climate Policy Centre (ACPC) based in Addis Ababa. The ACPC is a joint initiative of the African Union Commission, the African Development Bank and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa. He is also a Co-chair of IPCC Working Group III. Sokona was the Executive Secretary of the Sahara and Sahel Observatory (OSS) from June 2004 to May 2010. A citizen of Mali, Sokona focuses on the energy, environment and sustainable development nexus and he has broad experience in Africa in policy development. Before joining OSS, he worked for the “Environnement et Développement du Tiers Monde,” based in Dakar, Senegal. Prior to that, he served as a professor at Ecole Nationale d’Ingenieur in Bamako, Mali. Throughout his career, Sokona has served in various advisory capacities to African governments. He has published several books and articles on the issues of energy, environment and development, with a focus on Africa.
Leena Srivastava, TERI University, India
Leena Srivastava is currently the Vice Chancellor and Executive Director (Operations) of the TERI University in New Delhi. TERI is an independent not-for-profit research institution, with a staff size of nearly a 1,000 people, working in the areas of energy, environment and sustainable development. In her three decades of experience at TERI, Dr. Srivastava has worked on a range of issues covering energy and environment policy/planning, energy economics and climate change. She has a PhD in Energy Economics from the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore and has a number of publications to her credit. She is on the editorial boards of various international journals dealing with energy and environment issues. Dr. Srivastava is also a member of various committees and boards both at the international and national levels, including the International Advisory Panel of the Global Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Institute. She was a coordinating Lead Author of the 3rd IPCC Report and cross-cutting theme Anchor on “Sustainable Development” for the 4th IPCC Report. She was a member of the United Nations Secretary-General’s High-level Group on Sustainable Energy for All, member of the Expert Committee to formulate India’s Energy Policy, and member of the National Security Advisory Board of the Government of India. She serves on the research advisory councils of various academic institutions of international repute.
Lord Nicholas Stern, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK
Nicholas Stern is I.G. Patel Professor of Economics and Government, Chair of the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment, and Chair of the Asia Research Centre at London School of Economics and Political Science. He is also Chair of the Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy, which is hosted by the University of Leeds and the London School of Economics and Political Science. Professor Stern was formerly Head of the British Government Economic Service, and was the director of policy and research for the British Prime Minister’s Commission for Africa, which reported in 2005. He also led the team that produced ‘The Stern Review: The Economics of Climate Change’, which was published in 2006. His other previous roles included Chief Economist and Vice-president of the World Bank, and Chief Economist at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Professor Stern has also been an adviser to the United Nations Secretary-General and the President of the European Commission. Professor Stern was knighted in 2004 for his ‘services to economics’, and in 2007 was appointed a member of the House of Lords, where he sits as a non-party-political crossbench peer. Professor Stern is the recipient of numerous awards for his research on climate change economics and policy, as well as development and other areas of public policy. He was President of the European Economic Association in 2009, and since July 2013 has been President of the British Academy.
Guanhua Xu, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Guanhua Xu is an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS), the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences and the International Academy of Astronautics. Formerly, he served as the Vice President of CAS between 1994 and 1995, and the Vice Minister (1995 – 2001) and the Minister (2001 – 2007) of the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) in China. He has been the Chair for the Committee on Education, Science, Culture, Health and Sports of the CPPCC (political advisory body to the Chinese government) since March 2008. Professor Xu is an expert in the field of remote sensing research. In the 1980s, he initiated China’s regulation in remote sensing investigation of renewable resources and standards in series mapping, and provided scientific evidence for strengthening the ecological construction and stipulating afforestation plans for the future of northern China. As a member of the MA (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment) Board, Professor Xu supervised the implementation of the sub-global assessment, and provided scientific leadership to the Integrated Ecosystem Assessment of Western China (MAWEC) as one component of the MA from 2001 to 2005. As Chairman of the Committee of Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS), he led and chaired the 18th CEOS Plenary & 20th Anniversary successfully in Beijing in 2004. Professor Xu also played a key role in establishing the Group of Earth Observation (GEO) and its 10 year implementation plan. Since Professor Xu left his post of MOST in 2007, he has focused his attention on global change studies. He formulated the National Key Scientific Research Program on Global Change that would sustain an unprecedented amount of long-term stable funding; and founded cross-disciplinary research institutes on global change studies in national universities.